Data security safeguards digital and physical information from unauthorised access and destruction. It is an essential requirement for any business as it ensures confidentiality, integrity and availability of personal data to authorized users. It also helps avoid the loss of crucial information due to an attack on the internet or a data breach. A reliable data security program is a blend of tools to ensure six fundamental best practices:
Authentication and authorization are critical to any data security plan. If your data is at rest or in transport it is essential to ensure that only authorized users have access to your data using credentials, such as passwords or encryption keys, or other methods of authentication, like multi-factor identification (MFA) where the user is required to provide more than one method of proof.
The company must be able of identifying the data it uses and know the time when sensitive data is in a particular condition, such as “at antiviruscompany.net/your-facebook-account-has-been-hacked-solutions/ rest”, “in transit” or “in use”.
It isn’t easy for organizations to keep track of sensitive information as data collection grows. This is why it’s important to apply the principle of least privilege which requires that users be provided with only the information they need for their job. By cutting down on the number of permissions granted to users, you can enhance security and reduce storage and bandwidth costs. Your data usage policy should also outline how data will be used and the consequences of any violations to the policy.